The ulterior motive of the Precursors was to stop the Kharaa Bacterium from destroying their race, which was a bacterium that they discovered on an unknown planet. Their plans failed and Kharaa was released onto 4546B. It seems that this was the main cause of the death of the Precursors.
No Precursor has ever been seen, so nothing is known of their physical appearance. Of the few things known about their race, one is that they lived for an extremely long time, shown in a data bank entry by the mention of a ninety-six year old Precursor being considered very young. The same individual was around 700 Earth-years old when it died due to Kharaa infection. It is likely that they were a lot larger than humans, based on the size of their bases and the objects within them, a prime example being the height of the surgical tables found in the Disease Research Facility which come up to just below Ryley Robinson's neck. For use as a surgical table they would most likely come up to around the torso of the surgeon, by this it can be estimated that the Precursor race would have averaged between seven and eight feet in height. The use of the word "seed" in reference to the unborn form of a Precursor possibly implies plant-like biology, though it is equally possible that seed could refer to an animal ovum. Imperfect translation may also be the reason behind this. The language clearly does not perfectly translate into English as shown by the naming of the Sea Emperor Leviathan.
Contact With Other Species
The Precursors are known to have scavenged technology from other races. All but one of the relics held by them were taken from other races, some of these races even more ancient than themselves. One of the relics is a sword from Earth, showing that the Precursors visited the planet and possibly even made contact with humans at some point. Inside the Sparse Reef Sanctuary the PDA notes similarities between Precursor architecture and old Earth religious iconography. This may be coincidental, however it may indicate that the Precursors had an influence on the formation of ancient human religions and societies. If this is true then it is also likely that some ancient Earth languages were based on the language of the Precursors; the PDA is capable of translating it without ever having encountered the language before, if the language was from a language family completely foreign to any on Earth then translation should be impossible. Their written language bears slight resemblances to Hebrew.
Their language can be heard from the deactivation terminal within the Quarantine Enforcement Platform, after Ryley attempts to disable, and after he successfully disables. The PDA is able to translate the former.
Although the Precursors are not seen in-game, they were an extremely advanced race - able to create advanced technology (such as teleportation devices, weapons capable of bringing down large ships, wirelessly powered biomechanical life forms capable teleporting at will, of etc.) capable of capturing a Sea Emperor Leviathan. They are also capable of creating Data Hubs, which they can upload their mind to, the digital equivalent of a medically-induced coma. There is only evidence of a single Precursor doing this, who were uploaded to the Dunes Sanctuary, with their body disposed of shortly afterwards.
The Precursors were able to create and use Warpers as guards for their bases and use them to hunt down creatures infected with the Kharaa Bacterium, and create technologies far more advanced than humanity's current technological state, and at the same time, predating humans by thousands of years.
The Precursors are also able to create "keys", known as Alien Tablets, which unlock various Precursor machines, including forcefields and Alien Arches, which function as teleporters. The Artifacts also possibly served as a personal computer and security clearance of sorts to it's user according to the entry for the Blue Tablet. In addition, they can create alloys that are highly heat-resistant and can last over one thousand years with no sign of degradation. Ion Cubes are another creation, having been created from an unknown element not found on the Periodic Table, and fabricated inside the Primary Containment Facility's Antechamber. Most, if not all Precursor technology is seemingly powered by Ion Cubes. Interestingly enough, Ion Cubes appear to be used in ceremonial fashion, as the three Sanctuary Caches have multiple Ion Cubes adorning them. The Precursors also created the Alien Robots that repair and, if need be, defend the Alien Bases from intruders.
Around 1000 years ago, after exploring a planet for routine expansion, the Precursors came across the Kharaa Bacterium, and, most likely discovering it's lethality and indirectly causing it to infect their species, go to various planets in order to develop a cure. One of the outposts that were set up was 4546B, and there, the Precursors installed the Disease Research Facility, Alien Thermal Plant, and Quarantine Enforcement Platform to assist them in their research. The Disease Research Facility serving as a means to test the bacterium on native creatures and to construct and repair their enforcers, the Warper. The aforementioned creature was a biomechanical creation of the Precursors, having taken a creature and augmented it. Their purpose was to keep the bacterium's spread to a minimum. During the construction of this facility, it is likely the Precursors discovered the Gargantuan Fossil and the Ancient Skeleton, with the Precursors setting up a labratory near the remains of the latter.
The Alien Thermal Plant served to power the remaining Precursor Bases. The Precursors had discovered 4546B's natural thermal energy, and installed the plant within the Lava Castle as a means of utilizing it. The Quarantine Enforcement Platform was constructed to prevent any unauthorized ship from landing or leaving. Among the bases, the Precursors built three Sanctuary Caches in the Deep Sparse Reef, Northern Blood Kelp Zone, and inside a meteor crater within the Dunes. These Caches served as a failsafe should the bacterium be unleashed onto the planet. Inside the Caches, the Precursors installed Data Hubs as a means of keeping them alive when their physical body could no longer be used.
After testing on multiple creatures, the Precursors discover the Sea Emperor Leviathan species is immune due to a unique enzyme it produces, dubbed Enzyme 42. The Precursors then constructed a fourth base, the Primary Containment Facility in the Lava Lakes in close proximity to the Alien Thermal Plant for the sole purpose of containing a Sea Emperor Leviathan. They then managed to obtain one, along with it's seven eggs and somehow manage to put it inside the facility's aquarium. However, it is revealed to them that their captive is too old to produce a stable variant of the enzyme, the creature only capable of causing temporary effects. The Precursors then turned to it's eggs, deducing that the unborns would be a stronger source of the cure. However, they could not figure out how to make the eggs hatch. The Precursors then took one of the eggs and dissected it, although this resulted in the death of the fetus. The parent of the eggs tried to communicate with the Precursors, attempting to tell them that it's children could not be forced from their eggs, and they must hatch when ready. However, Sea Emperor Leviathan explains to Ryley that the Precursors could not hear it's pleas, and took another egg and put it in the facility's egg lab.
After discovering the possible relation between the Sea Emperor Leviathan species and Sea Dragon Leviathans, the Precursors took an egg from the latter creature and planned on studying it, hoping to discover how the Sea Emperor Leviathan eggs hatched. However, the parent of the stolen egg tracked it down to the Disease Research Facility, and rammed into the base, causing severe physical trauma to the Sea Dragon Leviathan's head and causing major structural damage, killing the seven Precursors within and indirectly causing the previously contained Kharaa Bacterium onto the ecosystem. This attack caused the Precursors to initiate an emergency quarantine. This act also forced the Precursors to lock down all Arches leading to the Primary Containment Facility.
Despite their best efforts to minimize the bacterium's spread, it is unsuccessful and Kharaa rapidly infects 4546B. Facing extinction and unable to make the Sea Emperor Leviathan eggs hatch, the Precursors decide to preserve their consciousness' in Data Hubs, although their is only evidence of a single Precursors doing this. Soon afterwards, it can be assumed that the Precursors went extinct, with only their research and structures to be found in the future.
- Various Data Downloads suggest that the Precursors may be capable of some form of telepathy.
- The ancient Mongolian blade found in the antechamber of the Primary Containment Facility suggest that the Precursors visited Earth in the past. The Alien Carving also supports this theory, as the yin and yang symbol was a major part of ancient chinese philosophy. 
- According to a data download, the Precursors were grown from seeds, suggesting that they were plant-based beings. It also suggests that they are raised in broods. Their lifecycle also greatly exceeds a century.
- ↑ http://imgur.com/a/igILF
- ↑ https://trello.com/c/n1OdLQqq/6129-generate-precursor-artifact-ideas-for-prison#action-58921c71d42a44df8b3298e7